We all buy red wine on a regular basis because we love the taste and flavour of it. However, not many of us know the exact way in which red wine is made or its health benefits. Dark coloured grapes are only used for making red wine. These hand-picked grapes are harvested carefully, crushed and fermented in the most natural way possible, so that the original flavour and character of the grapes are not lost in the process.
When you buy red wine, the bottle will give you enough information about the variety of group used for making, details of ageing, alcohol content in it and more. The eight common varieties of grapes that are used for making red wine are Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinot Noir, Malbec, Merlot, Syrah (also known as Shiraz in some places), Barbera, Sangiovese and Zinfandel.
Though there are many debates going on if red wine is good (or bad!) for health, the American Heart Association has confirmed that drinking around four ounces of wine a day could work well for your heart and other vital organs. This is because red wine contains effective antioxidants such as proanthocyanidins, resveratrol, epicatechin and catechin – all of which control the oxidative damage to your body and minimise the risk to your heart.
Studies have also proved that drinking red wine every day could also improve the status of your mental health. It decreases your risk to serious ailments such as dementia, Alzheimer’s and depression. It improves insulin sensitivity and reduces Type 2 diabetes risk in women, especially. With around 48.5million hectolitres of wine production in a year, Italy became the largest wine-producing country in the world, last year. France ranked a close second with an annual production of 46.4million hectolitres and Spain, with 40.9million hectolitres came third in this list.