Wines are divided into three main categories – sweet, dry and off-dry. Sweet wines are those that have more than 30grams of residual sugar in a litre. If this level is less than 10 grams, the wine is called dry and wines that contain residual sugar content between 10 and 30grams per litre are classified under the off-dry category.
As a wine lover, you may wonder about the sweetness of the wines, because you already know that the sweetness of the grapes is reduced to a phenomenal extent, during the fermentation process, when it is mixed with yeast. What you might not know is that some of the grapes are fermented in such a way that they contain a good amount of residual sugar level even after the fermentation is complete. The sweetness of the wine comes from the sweetness of the grapes used for making it.
When you buy sweet wine, you need to check twice to see if they are named as dessert wines. Dessert wines come in various candy flavours that may not be exactly pleasing for the wine critic or connoisseur in you. Some of the commonly used grapes for moderately sweet and very sweet wines are Riesling, Gewurztraminer, Chenin Blanc, Miller-Thurgau and Viognier.
Though you may have many bottles of sweet wine in your home, you should drink them in very limited quantities. Unlike red & white wines, these sweet wines are not very healthy. The residual sugar content in them is quite high, which means you are highly prone to Type 2 diabetes when you drink more than the recommended quantity of sweet wine in a day. While making very sweet wines, grape varieties such as Muscato, Vouvray, Sauternes, Eiswein, Tokaj and Port are used. All these gapes have a strong in-built sweetness, which make them great choices for preparing dessert wines.